Stockwell Bus Garage was built to accommodate buses after the change over from trams in the 1950’s. The garage sits on what was a partial bomb site and is between Lansdowne Way and Binfield Road, Stockwell, London.
Stockwell Bus Garage was designed by Adie Button and Partners, in partnership with
Thomas Bilbow, Architect of the London Transport Executive and with the consulting
engineer A.E. Beer. The contractors were Wilson Lovatt and Sons Ltd and the building
was commissioned in 1949 and opened in 1952.
The design took the concept of a bus garage into a new realm of modernity and invention,
even today influencing the construction of the West Ham Garage built alongside the 2012
Olympic Park. The acoustics, ventilation and routes in and out of the garage have all been
elegantly factored in to the overall design, making a working bus garage an asset to
The building collects rainwater from the roof and this is used to wash the buses, such is the
careful attention to detail.
The outstanding feature of Stockwell Bus Garage is the use of reinforced concrete for the
roof. At the time of construction it was the largest column free area under one roof in
Europe and provides 6,184 square metres of unobstructed parking space for 212 buses. The ‘gull-wing’ portal frame structure is supported by ten shallow ribs that span 120 metres; these are intersected by smaller ribs in order to prevent torsion. The vast space achieved is naturally lit by a sequence of large skylights
From the exterior, the main arches are visible as outward-leaning buttresses, with a
segmental curve to each bay. They form a multi-arched roofline and appear as a
continuous wave each topped by a rooflight.
The Stockwell Bus Garage is now run by Go-Ahead London and employs over 750 staff
running 11 day routes and 6 night routes all over London.